(Source: Microfinance Sector Report 2008)
The growth story of MFIs in India not only contradicts the so called BPL sticked image of microfinance but also questions the very viability of the very principle, as to whether it reaches those who needs it the most. The growth of microfinance industry states a story of success in the southern region, which is often referred to as the "Cradle of Microfinance industry in India" while it sings a contrary tune when it comes to the BIMARU states of our country having high BPL population and a poor growth rate. Southern region lies way ahead with 66% of the total MFIs client base and 75% of the total loan portfolio followed by Eastern region with 21% & 15%,Western region 9% & 4% and Northern region with a meagre share of 4% & 6% of the total pie (Source: Microfinance Sector Report 2008)
A detailed state wise study will throw a better light on the true picture of the cracks hidden behind the stupendous growth of MFIs in India and asks questions which needs answers as early as possible. So that those who have been a part of this transition could relish the fruits of their effort and wherein all the tantrums being backed by sound logic and a true feeling of accomplishment round across the country gives this transition a push to transform into a much needed revolution for our country.
- 80% of the MFIs clients were women.
->75% of the MFIs clients have received less than Rs 10000.
-10% of the total no. of MFIs (Which were the largest) accounted for 76% of all clients.
- 82% of the MFIs clients and the total outstanding is accounted by six states only i.e AP, Karnatka,Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Maharashtra & W. Bengal(SA -DHAN study of 223 MFIs).
- Out of 47 MFIs present in more than 1 state
6 MFIs- Presence in more than 5 states
19 MFIs- Presence in 3-5 states
22 MFIs- Presence in 2 states